Date: 12/8/2017
Information Contact 1: Janell Hyer : (208) 332-3570 ext. 3220 : 
Information Contact 2: Craig Shaul : (208) 332-3570 ext. 3201 :

Census Bureau Releases New Data on Idaho Cities, Towns from 2012-2016 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates

A slight increase in the percentage of Idaho’s population 18 years and older that are veterans, a rise in median household income and an increase in median gross rent are just a few of the many statistics released this week by the U.S. Census Bureau.

The Census Bureau’s 2012–2016 American Community Survey produces a rolling sample of estimates on more than 40 social, economic and housing characteristics for U.S. cities, towns, counties and other geographies, regardless of their population size. It is the only source for comprehensive data for 38 of Idaho’s 44 counties and 198 incorporated cities.

Narrative profiles offering short analytic reports on all 40 sets of data for the nation, states, counties, places and census tracts can be accessed from the U.S. Census website at

A sample of Idaho statistics released and published on the Census website in this release include:

Fifty-eight percent of Idaho’s population age 16 and older were employed, while 37 percent were not currently in the labor force. Of the employed, 77 percent were working for private establishments, slightly more than 15 percent worked for government employers and about 8 percent were self-employed.

Language Spoken at Home and English-Speaking Ability
Between 2012 and 2016, 10.6 percent of Idaho’s population age 5 and older spoke a language other than English at home. Of those, 62.3 percent also spoke English.

  • Clark County had the highest percentage that spoke a language other than English – 43.7 percent – with 37.7 percent speaking English.
  • Butte County had the smallest percentage that spoke a language other than English – 1.8 percent – with 37.8 percent of those also speaking English.
  • Canyon County had the largest number of persons 5 years or older speaking Spanish in the home (16.1 percent), and 63 percent also spoke English.
  • Overall, 7.9 percent of Idaho’s population spoke Spanish at home – the largest percentage of all languages other than English.

Median Gross Rent
Idahoans who don’t own their homes saw a $55 increase in median gross rent from $709 in 2007-2011 (adjusted for inflation) to $764 in 2012-2016.

  • The highest median gross rent was in Blaine County at $964 in 2012-2016, up from $931 in 2011-2015.
  • The lowest median gross rent was in Clark County at $375 in 2012-2016, down from $472 in 2011-2015.
  • Five counties experienced a median gross rent decrease: Bonner, Bear Lake, Lemhi, Camas and Clark.

Idaho’s median household income increased $1,591 from the 2011-2015 survey period to $49,174.

  • Nine counties experienced a decrease: Gem, Caribou, Bingham, Shoshone, Latah, Oneida, Clark, Bear Lake and Blaine counties.
  • The largest decrease was $2,002 in Blaine County to $58,086.
  • The largest increase was $5,246 in Valley County to $53,630.
  • Teton County had the highest median household income at $58,173.
  • Clark County had the smallest median household income at $32,422.

The latest data indicates 15.2 percent of Idaho’s population was below the poverty level. Slightly more than half - 24 of Idaho’s 44 counties - experienced a decrease in the number of people living below the poverty rate.

  • The largest decrease was in Owyhee County at 4 percent, from 27.6 percent to 23.6 percent.
  • The largest increase was in Clark County at 9 percent, from 18.1 percent to 27.1 percent.
  • Madison County had the highest poverty rate at 15.2 percent. Madison County is home to BYU-Idaho, a private university where 33 percent of the population is between the ages of 15 and 24.
  • Caribou County had the lowest poverty rate at 10.2 percent.

Ten percent of Idaho’s population 18 years and older were veterans. The largest number were veterans of the Vietnam era, 46,155 or 38.6 percent.

  • Elmore County had the largest percentage of its population who were veterans at 26.9 percent. The county is home to Mountain Home Air Force Base.
  •  Ada County had the largest number of veterans at 29,930.
  • Only 3.4 percent of Madison County’s population were veterans.
  • Clark County was estimated to have only 23 veterans, but had a total population of less than 900.
  • Blaine County had the highest percentage of veterans with a bachelor’s degree or higher at 48.2 percent.
  • Power County had the highest percentage of veterans who were high school graduates at 62.8 percent.
  • Bingham County had the highest unemployment rate among veterans at 9.8 percent.

These and many other statistics can be found on the U.S. Census American Community Survey website.

Adjusting Text Size

Use your web browser to control the text size of our website. See below for where to find these controls.

Google Chrome:


Internet Explorer 6:

Internet Explorer 7+:

Mozilla Firefox:

Mozilla Firefox 2:

See instructions for other web browsers.